How to Set Up an OpenVPN on Raspberry Pi in 2021 Raspberry Pi VPN
People may have heard about the Raspberry Pi, but not a lot of them know what it is all about. It is a low-cost computer that is the size of a credit card. This handy computer can be connected to a TV or computer monitor along with a standard keyboard and mouse.
The purpose of this low-cost computer is to allow people of all age groups to learn to explore the world of computing. With it, they can learn programming languages like Python and Scratch.
The Raspberry Pi was created by a charity organization, The Raspberry Pi Foundation, to make it easier for people around the world to benefit from the power of computing. This UK-based foundation has come a long way since its inception and has managed to stay successful due to its goals to empower the world.
Speaking of empowering the world, the Raspberry Pi can be used to access the internet freely without compromising on security and privacy via a VPN. If you wish to learn more about a Raspberry Pi VPN, then you are at the right place.
How to Install a VPN on Raspberry Pi – OpenVPN Raspberry Pi
If you want to benefit from complete internet freedom and impenetrable security and privacy, then you will need a reliable VPN. Once you have found a Raspberry VPN, you can set it up on your Raspberry Pi (OpenVPN). To do so, follow these simple steps:
- Ensure your Raspberry Pi has Debian OS.
- Click here to download the necessary OpenVPN configuration files.
- Extract the file and place the files in a folder named OVPNfiles.
- Access the Terminal from the Menu bar.
- Type the following commands to download the necessary OpenVPN files:
sudo apt-get install openvpn
- Copy the OpenVPN files you just downloaded and replace the OVPN files to:
sudo cp OVPNfiles/* /etc/openvpn
- Move to the directory to where the OVPN files were copied:
- To establish a VPN connection, enter the following command:
sudo openvpn Netherlands-Amsterdam-UDP.ovpn (You can select any server you desire)
- Enter your VPN credentials to complete the process.
How to Create a VPN Server on Raspberry Pi 3 & 4
For a VPN Raspberry Pi 3 and 4, you will need to do a couple of things, but it is entirely possible. By using a VPN Raspberry Pi, you will be able to do much more than you could have possibly done before. To create a Raspberry VPN, here is what you need to do:
- Make sure your Raspberry Pi is up-to-date.
- Access the terminal window and install PiVPN by entering this command:
curl –L https://install.pivpn.io | bash
- It will take a few minutes for the script to install, after which you can choose your user.
- PiVPN will ask whether you want to use WireGuard, OpenVPN, or another VPN protocol. Select OpenVPN.
- For the next steps leave the default settings.
- Choose UDP, and enter 1194 as the preferred port.
- Enable OpenVPN 2.4 features unless your apps don’t support them. Choose the recommended security certification. The bigger, the better, but at the cost of slowing things down; so choose wisely.
- Enabled unattended upgrades for PiVPN to install the required packages and create the require configuration files.
- Choose a DNS when you connect to your VPN, and reboot your Raspberry Pi.
- After the Raspberry Pi has rebooted, access the terminal window and enter the following command:
- Give the configuration file any name and select how many days certificates last. Then enter a password of your choice. This will generate an .ovpn file that can be located at /home/pi/ovpns, which you will need to keep safe since it is what you will need to connect to your Raspberry Pi server.
- If you are using a dynamic DNS service, edit the .ovpn file using Notepad and replace your IP address in the fourth line with a custom URL.
- Finally, your Raspberry PI server is all set, but you need to do one final thing – You will need to forward your VPN’s port to your router. The process can vary, but it usually involves logging into your router, finding the port forwarding option, and forward the port to 1194.
- To connect to your Raspberry Pi VPN, you will need a VPN client. Fortunately, you can OpenVPN Connect.
- Access OpenVPN Connect and click ‘File’ to add a profile. From here, upload the .ovpn configuration file. Now, simply flip the toggle button and enter your password whenever you want to use your Raspberry Pi server.
How to Use a Raspberry Pi as a Router
Apart from being able to use a Raspberry Pi as a VPN server, you can also use it as a router. To create a Raspberry Pi VPN router, follow these steps:
- Boot your Raspberry Pi.
- Access the Terminal window and enter the following commands:
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get upgrade
- Once your Raspberry Pi is up-to-date, you will need to install hostapd and bridge-utils. Now, enter the following commands:
sudo apt-get install hostapd bridge-utils
sudo systemctl stop hostapd
- To prevent the dhcp backgroup process from automatically configuring eth0 and wlan0 interfaces, enter the following commands:
denyinterfaces eth0To open /etc/dhcpd.conf file, use the following command:
sudo nano /etc/dhcpd.conf
- You will need the Ethernet bridge administrator command, brctl, to create bridge br0
sudo brctl addbro br0
sudo brctl addif br0 eth0
- In /etc/network, open interfaces
sudo nano /etc/network/interfacesAdd the following commands:
iface wlan- inet manualauto br0
iface br0 inet dhcp
bridge_ports eth0 wlan0
- You will need to configure the wireless access point by enter the following command:
sudo nano /etc/hostapd/hostapd.confPast the following lines:
- Enter the following commands:
sudo nano /etc/default/hostapdDAEMON_CONF=”/etc/hostapd/hostapd.conf”
- Your Raspberry Pi VPN router is now ready for use. Boot your Raspberry Pi and connect it via an Ethernet cable. Your Raspberry Pi will be transmitting an SSID and will act as a router giving access to the internet.
Alternative Raspberry Pi VPN Applications
So, what other uses does have a Raspberry Pi VPN have? Here are a couple worth considering:
- Get exclusive deals and discounts from other regions.
- Defeat ISP throttling to get the best streaming experience.
- Torrent anonymously to avoid getting into trouble and much more.
All in all, you have everything you need to know about a Raspberry Pi VPN and how you can set it up as a VPN server or a router. Make the most of this information to have an online experience like never before. And if you are looking for a reliable VPN you can always count on, with support for platforms like Raspberry Pi, be sure to check out Ivacy VPN!